• KU REHMAN Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • MN KHALID Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • MS NAWAZ Vegetable Research Station Karor, Layyah, Pakistan



Potato, PLRV, epidemiology, pathogen, lethal


The lethal and widespread potato leaf roll virus (PLRV) is found in many potato farms. It not only leads to worldwide yield loss, but also to yield loss in Pakistan. The appearance of symptoms distinguishes both primary and secondary illnesses. Pathogen management methods follow pathogen detection systems. Furthermore, environmental factors contribute to the development of disease prediction models, which aid in the development of strategies to protect crops from viral infection. This article provides an overview of potato leaf roll virus damage, prospects and several management strategies to control it.


Abbas, A., & Amrao, L. (2017). Potato virus Y: an evolving pathogen of potato worldwide. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology29, 187-191. DOI: DOI:

Abbas, A., Arif, M., & Ali, M. (2016). A review paper on potato leaf roll virus (PLRV) of potato in Pakistan. Asian J Agric Biol4, 77-86.

Abbas, M. F., Hameed, S., Rauf, A., Nosheen, Q., Ghani, A., Qadir, A., & Zakia, S. (2012). Incidence of six viruses in potato growing areas of Pakistan. Pak. J. Phytopathol24, 44-47.

Abou-Jawdah, Y., Saad, A., & Sobh, H. (2001). Incidence of potato virus diseases and their significance for a seed certification program in Lebanon. Incidence of potato virus diseases and their significance for a seed certification program in Lebanon, 1000-1006.

Agindotan, B. O., Shiel, P. J., & Berger, P. H. (2007). Simultaneous detection of potato viruses, PLRV, PVA, PVX and PVY from dormant potato tubers by TaqMan® real-time RT-PCR. Journal of virological methods142, 1-9. DOI: DOI:

Ahmadvand, R., Takács, A., Taller, J., Wolf, I., & Polgár, Z. (2012). Potato viruses and resistance genes in potato. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 60, 283-298. DOI: DOI:

Basky, Z. (2002). The relationship between aphid dynamics and two prominent potato viruses (PVY and PLRV) in seed potatoes in Hungary. Crop Protection21, 823-827. DOI: DOI:

Bekele, B., Dickinson, M., Asefa, A., & Abate, E. (2011). Incidence of potato viruses and bacterial wilt disease in the west Amhara sub-region of Ethiopia. Incidence of Potato Viruses and Bacterial Wilt Disease in the West Amhara Sub-Region of Ethiopia, 149-157.

Bergervoet, J. H., Peters, J., van Beckhoven, J. R., van den Bovenkamp, G. W., Jacobson, J. W., & van der Wolf, J. M. (2008). Multiplex microsphere immuno-detection of potato virus Y, X and PLRV. Journal of virological methods149, 63-68. DOI: DOI:

Bertschinger, L. (1992). Modelling of potato virus pathosystems by means of quantitative epidemiology: An exemplary case based on virus degeneration studies in Peru ETH Zurich].

Bostan, H., Guclu, C., Ozturk, E., Ozdemir, I., & Ilbagi, H. (2006). Influence of aphids on the epidemiology of potato virus diseases (PVY, PVS and PLRV) in the high altitude areas of Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences9, 759-765. DOI: DOI:

Cárdenas, H. M., Sánchez, P. G., & Montoya, M. M. (2017). Detection and sequencing of Potato virus Y (PVY) and Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) in a volunteer plant of Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Diacol-Capiro. Acta Agronómica66, 625-632. DOI: DOI:

Chatzivassiliou, E., Moschos, E., Gazi, S., Koutretsis, P., & Tsoukaki, M. (2008). Infection of potato crops and seeds with Potato virus Y and Potato leafroll virus in Greece. Journal of Plant Pathology, 253-261.

Chung, B. N., Canto, T., Tenllado, F., San Choi, K., Joa, J. H., Ahn, J. J., Kim, C. H., & Do, K. S. (2016). The effects of high temperature on infection by Potato virus Y, Potato virus A, and Potato leafroll virus. The plant pathology journal32, 321. DOI: DOI:

Chung, B. N., Yoon, J.-Y., & Palukaitis, P. (2013). Engineered resistance in potato against potato leafroll virus, potato virus A and potato virus Y. Virus genes47, 86-92. DOI: DOI:

Davis, J., & Radcliffe, E. (2008). The importance of an invasive aphid species in vectoring a persistently transmitted potato virus: Aphis glycines is a vector of potato leafroll virus. Plant Disease92, 1515-1523. DOI: DOI:

Dhital, S. P., Lim, H. T., & Manandhar, H. K. (2009). Elimination of potato viruses (PLRV and PVY) by cryopreservation of in vitro grown shoot tips of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Horticulture Environment and Biotechnology50, 233-239.

Dhital, S. P., Lim, H. T., & Sharma, B. P. (2008). Electrotherapy and chemotherapy for eliminating double-infected potato virus (PLRV and PVY) from in vitro plantlets of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Horticulture Environment and Biotechnology49, 52-57.

Djilani-Khouadja, F., Glais, L., Tribodet, M., Kerlan, C., & Fakhfakh, H. (2010). Incidence of potato viruses and characterisation of Potato virus Y variability in late season planted potato crops in Northern Tunisia. European journal of plant pathology126, 479-488. DOI: DOI:

Eigenbrode, S. D., Ding, H., Shiel, P., & Berger, P. H. (2002). Volatiles from potato plants infected with potato leafroll virus attract and arrest the virus vector, Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences269, 455-460. DOI: DOI:

Faccioli, G., & Colalongo, M. C. (2002). Eradication of potato virus Y and potato leafroll virus by chemotherapy of infected potato stem cuttings. Phytopathologia Mediterranea41, 76-78.

Fang, Y. L., Dhital, S. P., Li, K. H., Khu, D. M., Kim, H. Y., Song, Y. S., & Lim, H. T. (2005). Utilization of single nodal cuttings and therapies for eradicating double-infected potato virus (PLRV, PVY) from in vitro plantlets of potato (Solanum tuberosum). Horticulture Environment and Biotechnology46, 119-125.

Gul, Z., Khan, A. A., Khan, A. U., & Khan, Z. U. (2013). Incidence of potato viruses in different districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhawa, Pakistan. International Journal of Phytopathology2, 32-36. DOI: DOI:

Kostiw, M. (2011). The occurrence of major potato viruses in Poland. Journal of Plant Protection Research. DOI: DOI:

Kotzampigikis, A., Hristova, D., & Tosheva-Terzieva, E. (2008). Distribution of potato leafroll virus (PLRV) and potato virus Y–(PVYN) in a field experiment. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science14, 56-67.

Kushnarenko, S., Romadanova, N., Aralbayeva, M., Zholamanova, S., Alexandrova, A., & Karpova, O. (2017). Combined ribavirin treatment and cryotherapy for efficient Potato virus M and Potato virus S eradication in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in vitro shoots. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant53, 425-432. DOI: DOI:

Li, J.-W., Wang, B., Song, X.-M., Wang, R.-R., Chen, L., Zhang, H., Zhang, Z.-B., & Wang, Q.-C. (2013). Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) and Potato virus Y (PVY) influence vegetative growth, physiological metabolism, and microtuber production of in vitro-grown shoots of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)114, 313-324. DOI: DOI:

Li, J.-W., Wang, M.-R., Chen, H.-Y., Zhao, L., Cui, Z.-H., Zhang, Z., Blystad, D.-R., & Wang, Q.-C. (2018). Long-term preservation of potato leafroll virus, potato virus S, and potato spindle tuber viroid in cryopreserved shoot tips. Applied microbiology and biotechnology102, 10743-10754. DOI:

Marczewski, W., Flis, B., Syller, J., Strzelczyk-Żyta, D., Hennig, J., & Gebhardt, C. (2004). Two allelic or tightly linked genetic factors at the PLRV. 4 locus on potato chromosome XI control resistance to potato leafroll virus accumulation. Theoretical and Applied Genetics109, 1604-1609. DOI: DOI:

Mortimer-Jones, S. M., Jones, M. G., Jones, R. A., Thomson, G., & Dwyer, G. I. (2009). A single tube, quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay that detects four potato viruses simultaneously. Journal of virological methods161, 289-296. DOI: DOI:

Nolte, P., Whitworth, J. L., Thornton, M. K., & McIntosh, C. S. (2004). Effect of seedborne Potato virus Y on performance of Russet Burbank, Russet Norkotah, and Shepody potato. Plant Disease88, 248-252. DOI: DOI:

Novy, R., Gillen, A., & Whitworth, J. (2007). Characterization of the expression and inheritance of potato leafroll virus (PLRV) and potato virus Y (PVY) resistance in three generations of germplasm derived from Solanum etuberosum. Theoretical and Applied Genetics114, 1161-1172. DOI: DOI:

Novy, R., Nasruddin, A., Ragsdale, D., & Radcliffe, E. (2002). Genetic resistances to potato leafroll virus, potato virus Y, and green peach aphid in progeny ofSolanum etuberosum. American Journal of Potato Research79, 9-18. DOI: DOI:

Peiman, M., & Xie, C. (2006). Sensitive detection of potato viruses, PVX, PLRV and PVS, by RT-PCR in potato leaf and tuber. Australasian Plant Disease Notes1, 41-46. DOI: DOI:

Pourrahim, R., Farzadfar, S., Golnaraghi, A., & Ahoonmanesh, A. (2007). Incidence and distribution of important viral pathogens in some Iranian potato fields. Plant Disease91, 609-615. DOI: DOI:

Robert, Y., & Bourdin, D. (2001). Aphid transmission of potato viruses. In Virus and virus-like diseases of potatoes and production of seed-potatoes (pp. 195-225). Springer. DOI: DOI:

Sertkaya, E., & Sertkaya, G. (2005). Aphid transmission of two important potato viruses, PVY and PLRV by Myzus persicae (Sulz.) and Aphis gossypii (Glov.) in Hatay Province of Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences8, 1242-1246. DOI: DOI:

Singh, R. P., Kurz, J., & Boiteau, G. (1996). Detection of stylet-borne and circulative potato viruses in aphids by duplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Journal of virological methods59, 189-196. DOI: DOI:

Smith, E. A., DiTommaso, A., Fuchs, M., Shelton, A. M., & Nault, B. A. (2012). Abundance of weed hosts as potential sources of onion and potato viruses in western New York. Crop Protection37, 91-96. DOI: DOI:

Srinivasan, R., & Alvarez, J. M. (2007). Effect of mixed viral infections (Potato virus Y–Potato leafroll virus) on biology and preference of vectors Myzus persicae and Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Journal of economic entomology100, 646-655. DOI: DOI:

Wang, B., Ma, Y., Zhang, Z., Wu, Z., Wu, Y., Wang, Q., & Li, M. (2011). Potato viruses in China. Crop Protection30, 1117-1123. DOI: DOI:

Wang, Q., Liu, Y., Xie, Y., & You, M. (2006). Cryotherapy of potato shoot tips for efficient elimination of Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) and Potato virus Y (PVY). Potato Research49, 119-129. DOI: DOI:

Were, H., Kabira, J., Kinyua, Z., Olubayo, F., Karinga, J., Aura, J., Lees, A., Cowan, G., & Torrance, L. (2013). Occurrence and distribution of potato pests and diseases in Kenya. Potato Research56, 325-342. DOI: DOI:

Yi, J.-Y., Lee, G.-A., Jeong, J.-W., Lee, S.-Y., & Lee, Y.-G. (2014). Eliminating Potato Virus Y (PVY) and Potato Leaf Roll Virus (PLRV) using cryotherapy of in vitro-grown potato shoot tips. Korean Journal of Crop Science59, 498-504. DOI: DOI:

Zhang, W., Zhang, Z., Fan, G., Gao, Y., Wen, J., Bai, Y., Qiu, C., Zhang, S., Shen, Y., & Meng, X. (2017). Development and application of a universal and simplified multiplex RT-PCR assay to detect five potato viruses. Journal of general plant pathology83, 33-45. DOI: DOI:

Zhu, M., Radcliffe, E. B., Ragsdale, D. W., MacRae, I. V., & Seeley, M. W. (2006). Low-level jet streams associated with spring aphid migration and current season spread of potato viruses in the US northern Great Plains. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology138, 192-202. DOI: DOI:




How to Cite


Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>